Understanding thyroid acronyms

There are a number of different acronyms when it comes to the thyroid, with this in mind we’ve put together this glossary so you find them all in the one place.

 

TSH: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone

This hormone is produced by the pituitary gland and stimulates the thyroid gland to release T3 and T4.

 

T3: Triidothyronine

One of the main hormones that the thyroid produces. T3 stimulates our body cells causing their metabolic processes to happen.

 

T4: Thyroxine

The other main hormone that the thyroid produces. T4 is converted to T3 by deiodinase enzymes.

 

TBG: Thyroxine binding globulin 

This is the protein that T3 and T4 is bound to within the bloodstream.

 

TRH: Thyrotropin-releasing hormone

This hormone stimulates the release of TSH. It is released itself from the hypothalamus.

 

TPO: Thyroid Peroxidase

A type of thyroid antibody.

 

TPOAb: Anti-thyroid Peroxidase

A thyroid autoimmune disease that results from the abnormal production of TPO antibodies by the immune system.

 

TgAB: Anti-thyroglobulin antibody

Another type of thyroid autoimmune disease that results from the abnormal production of TPO antibodies by the immune system.

 

TRAb: TSH receptor antibodies

A thyroid autoimmune disease caused by the presence of antibodies against the TSH receptor.

 

 

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Claire is the Inbound and Content Manager here at Thriva. Her mission is break through all the clutter of information that is out there relating to health and bring you informative, easy to digest, actionable insights.