What are globulins?
Globulins are a group of proteins produced mainly by your liver and immune system. There are four main groups of globulins – alpha 1, alpha 2, beta, and gamma globulins. Along with albumin, globulins make up the total protein in your blood.
Measuring your globulin levels can help check how well your liver and kidneys are working.
What do globulins do?
Globulins have a number of important roles in your body — for example, they help your blood to clot and fight infections.
What can cause my levels to change?
Many conditions can cause your globulin levels to increase or decrease. If your globulin levels are high and your albumin levels are low, this can be a sign of liver disease.
What are the most common symptoms?
If your globulin levels are high as a result of liver damage, common symptoms include:
- jaundice — yellow skin and eyes
- unexplained weight loss
- swelling around your eyes, stomach, or legs
What can I do to change them?
To prevent high globulins caused by liver damage, avoid too much:
- saturated and trans fats — like fried foods, red meat, cakes, pastries, and cream
- refined carbohydrates — like white bread and white pasta
- added sugars — like fruit juices, fizzy drinks, and sweets
- salt — like frozen foods, salted nuts, and smoked or cured meats
- alcohol — limit to 14 units a week (equivalent to about 6 pints or 7 medium-sized glasses of wine)