Monitor diabetes or your risk of developing it

Monitor your average blood sugar levels with home blood tests, personalised insights, and GP advice.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is when your body struggles to produce or respond to insulin. This causes your blood sugar levels to rise to an unhealthy level. Long-term, very high blood sugar levels can lead to issues like heart disease, kidney disease, and nerve damage.

Diabetes is divided into two main types: 

  • type 1 diabetes — an autoimmune disease that’s normally identified in childhood. It happens when your immune system attacks and damages the production site of insulin until your body can no longer make it.
  • type 2 diabetes — this is when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or your cells become resistant to it.

While both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can be caused by genetic factors, lifestyle factors like a poor diet might contribute to type 2 diabetes.

What is pre-diabetes?

Pre-diabetes is when your blood sugar is higher than normal — but not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Pre-diabetes doesn't cause symptoms but should be monitored to help prevent type 2 diabetes.

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Blood tests related to diabetes

Regularly monitoring your blood sugar levels is an important part of managing diabetes or preventing pre-diabetes to turn into type 2 diabetes. Aside from a blood glucose test, there are other tests that can be useful.

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HbA1c

If you have diabetes, a Hb1Ac test is a useful way to check how well you're controlling your blood sugar levels. HbA1c refers to glycated haemoglobin. When the glucose (sugar) in your blood rises, it binds to the haemoglobin in your red blood cells. Red blood cells live for about 3 months, so a HbA1c test measures your average blood glucose levels over the last few months.

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hs-CRP

Raised HbA1c levels can be associated with higher levels of inflammation. A high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) test can tell you if you're suffering from chronic inflammation — a strong risk factor for heart disease. A raised CRP level is also linked to a number of other health problems, like diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, and some cancers.

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Cholesterol

Diabetes is linked to higher LDL cholesterol levels (increased risk of heart disease) and lower levels of HDL cholesterol (protects against heart disease). So if you have diabetes it’s also worth monitoring your cholesterol.

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Jack's plan

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Jack has pre-diabetes and wants to prevent type 2 diabetes. He regularly tests his average blood glucose level with a HbA1c test. As high blood glucose levels are linked to high cholesterol, he also regularly tests his cholesterol to keep on top of things.

Your sample will be analysed by a CQC-registered and UKAS accredited lab. This finger-prick test and kit are CE-marked.

Want to monitor your health?

Whether you want to monitor diabetes, or check your risk of developing diabetes, take the first step with a home blood test.

Related articles

Article about HbA1c
Article about insulin and insulin resistance
Article about blood sugar and diabetes
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