Menopause can bring about a lot of changes to your physical and mental health. Most of these changes are completely normal and nothing to worry about. In some cases, a blood test might be recommended to check in on your hormone levels. A blood test won’t necessarily give you a diagnosis, though. Here we outline what a menopause blood test can tell you (and what it can’t).
- What is menopause?
- Common symptoms of menopause
- When to do a menopause blood test
- What’s in a menopause blood test?
- Understanding your menopause blood test results
What is menopause?
Menopause is when you have stopped having periods for one year — triggered by a drop in the levels of the hormones oestrogen and progesterone. This means you can no longer get pregnant naturally.
Prior to this, most women go through perimenopause — when your periods become irregular and your flow might become lighter or heavier. Typically, women transition into menopause between 45 and 55 (the UK average is 51). Sometimes this can happen below the age of 40 — early menopause.
Common symptoms of menopause
Most women will experience menopausal symptoms — this can begin up to five years before your periods stop. The most common symptoms include:
- hot flushes, night sweats, and flushing
- vaginal dryness and discomfort during sex
- difficulty sleeping
- low mood or anxiety
- reduced sex drive (libido)
- problems with memory and concentration
None of these symptoms are usually anything to worry about but if you’re concerned you should see your GP.
When to do a menopause blood test
The menopause is a completely natural part of ageing and many women ‘self-diagnose’ themselves as their periods become irregular.
However, you might like to see a GP or specialist if:
- your symptoms are bad
- your periods become irregular early
Your periods being absent for a year combined with your age are the main clinical indicators of menopause — so a blood test won’t always be offered But in some cases, you will be offered one — for example, if you’re under the age of 45. You can also do a finger-prick blood at home test to check if you might be menopausal.
A blood test can also help rule out other conditions that cause menopause-like symptoms — for example, a thyroid disorder.
Keep in mind that not all blood tests are ‘diagnostic’. Some tests are used to build a picture of what’s going on inside your body. Checking in on your female hormones at this point can help do that.
What’s in a menopause blood test?
Your ovaries ability to produce hormones gradually declines over time — in particular, the hormone oestrogen. The drop in oestrogen triggers the levels of another hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), to rise — a menopause test will usually measure these two hormones to see if they’re in the menopausal range.
An NHS GP will most likely just measure your FSH levels alone. Other tests might be included depending on your symptoms and any current or past medical conditions.
Other things that your doctor might include in your blood test could be:
- thyroid hormones (TSH, T4) — if these are out of range it can mimic menopausal symptoms
- luteinising hormone (LH)
Understanding your menopause blood test results
Your hormones fluctuate a lot, especially leading up to the menopause. So it’s often recommended that you do a second test, 4-6 weeks later, if your first FSH level is raised — to build a more accurate picture. If your FSH levels are raised in both instances, then it can suggest that you’re menopausal.
Here’s a brief overview of what your results might show.
If your thyroid hormones are out of range it can cause symptoms like irregular periods, weight changes, tiredness, anxiety, and restlessness — similar to menopausal symptoms. So it’s a good idea to rule out a thyroid disorder when doing a menopause test.
In most cases, your FSH levels are the strongest indicator that you’re perimenopausal or menopausal — especially if it’s combined with missing periods.
Your oestrogen levels drop as you reach menopause — which is largely responsible for a lot of symptoms associated with menopause.
If your results show low oestrogen levels this can mean that you’re perimenopausal or menopausal.
Luteinising hormone (LH)
Your LH levels increase as you reach the menopause.
Raised LH levels, combined with your other hormone levels, can indicate that you’re perimenopausal or menopausal.
Makara-Studzińśka, M. T., Kryś-Noszczyk, K. M., & Jakiel, G. (2014). Epidemiology of the symptoms of menopause–an intercontinental review. Przeglad menopauzalny= Menopause review, 13(3), 203.
National Health Services (2017). Conditions: Night sweats. Retrieved 26 November 2018 from https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/night-sweats/.
National Health Services (2018). Health A-Z: Menopause. Retrieved 11 December 2019 from https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/menopause/.